Chad currently hosts about 300,000 refugees in 17 refugee camps and 160,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the eastern and southern parts of the country. The forced migration has been caused mostly by conflict and general insecurity in western Sudan, eastern Chad, and in parts of Central African Republic (CAR). Food insecurity, failed harvests, and inconsistent rains have had an impact on migration patterns. Regional socio-economic challenges and political dynamics also contribute to trends that have resulted in Chad being a host country not only to refugees, but also to victims of human trafficking.
IOM Chad's core activities focus on the resettlement of Sudanese and CAR refugees in Eastern and Southern Chad respectively. IOM Chad is also engaged in the Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR) of Chadian nationals from Malta and Italy, as well as migration support for family reunification. A counter-trafficking project has been launched to assist in developing responses to the human trafficking phenomenon in the country through capacity building and training in partnership with local NGOs. IOM Chad is a member of the United Nations Country Team.