Facts and Figures (Global)
As the leading intergovernmental organization in the field of migration, IOM conducts research activities on migration, facilitates regional consultative processes and support international migration law.
In West and central Africa, IOM’s activities focus on the dissemination of legal instruments, development of migration profiles, support of the development of national migration policies and the development of regional consultative processes, in particular the Migration Dialogue in West Africa (MIDWA) and its equivalence in Central Africa (DIMAC).
- International Migration Law
Disseminate legal instruments of migration, and facilitate the understanding of international migration law as a comprehensive migration management framework. IOM provides training for government and relevant stakeholders. The rights and obligations of migrants are the central focus of the activities. IOM also supports states in the process of ratification of the conventions and their implementation. It also supports activities facilitating the exchange of information, sharing of experiences on the International Migration Law, and research and the development of manuals on International Migration Law.
In West and Central Africa, trainings to ensure the protection of the human rights of migrants, refugees, and displaced persons have been taken place in Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote d’Ivoire, Guinea, Mali, Senegal and Togo. These trainings have led to the exchange of information and best practices, South-South cooperation, and the development of a manual on migration and law in West Africa.
- Migration Data
Provide information on trends and migration flows based on collection, analysis and sharing of data. In this regards, IOM implements research activities to improve data on migration, develops migration profiles, and disseminates its publications to promote better understanding of migration issues.
In West and Central Africa, IOM has developed the migration profiles of Benin, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Democratic Republic of Congo, Cote d’Ivoire, Ghana, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria and Senegal. The profiles were used as a basis for the preparation of migration policy documents in countries like Nigeria and Liberia.
- Regional Consultative Processes on Migration
Regular consultations with governments facing common migration challenges are of particular importance. Regional consultative processes are cooperation mechanisms to promote dialogue and cooperation between states facing common challenges and interests on migration in an informal and non-binding framework. At the global level, the International Dialogue on Migration conducted by IOM is the leading international forum for intergovernmental discussions on migration.
These dialogues addressed issues such as border management, migration and development, root causes of migration, scales and effects of migration, harmonizing systems of data collection, policy and legislation on immigration, labour migration and irregular movements.
In the region, IOM works on the implementation on Migration Dialogue in West Africa (MIDWA) led by the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and Migration Dialogue for Central African States (MIDCAS) conducted by the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS).
- Collaboration with other UN Agencies
The UN Migration Agency works closely with the other UN programmes, funds and specialized agencies to address together the challenges in the region throug close collaboration. Our partners in the field are:
- United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
- United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
- United Nations Childrens' Fund (UNICEF)
- United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
- World Food Programme (WFP)
- United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
- UN Women (UNWomen)
- Interantional Labor Organization (ILO)
- United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)
- Useful Documents