Chad, a landlocked country in the heart of Africa, is faced with a multidimensional migration context.
The country experiences a complex humanitarian crisis, being affected by conflict in neighboring countries (Central African Republic, Sudan, Libya, and the Lake Chad basin), and currently hosting 464,000 refugees, 133,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) and 45,000 returnees. In conjunction, internal food security and economic crisis, severe underdevelopment and extreme poverty, lead young people, in particular, to seek economic opportunities under increasingly precarious conditions.
Although faced with multiple challenges, Chad is the first country to have contextualized the Global Compact for Migration in line with its National Development Plan and has emphasized its commitment to the 2030 SDGs and AU 2063 plan through initiatives that focus on engaging the diaspora, understanding and improving remittance management, developing and reviewing policy related to protection of migrants and improvement of migration-related data (incl. border management, flow monitoring etc.).
The IOM Mission in Chad was established in 2009 and continues to work in coordination with the Chadian authorities and local partners in various fields. Today, the mission implements activities focused on community stabilization, humanitarian assistance (shelter, NFI, Displacement tracking, camp management), durable solutions for displaced populations (resettlement, assisted voluntary return), engagement with diaspora members, border management, peacebuilding and mediation, counter-trafficking and management of transhumance.
The Mission’s main office is in N’Djamena with field offices in Bol, Baga Sola, Faya, Farchana, Goré, Sarh, Sido, and Zouarké. IOM in Chad is a member of the United Nations Country Team.
Key Projects and Activities
- EU-IOM Joint Initiative for Migrant Protection and Reintegration (DG Devco / EU Trust Fund for Africa)
The project aims to improve protection, provide direct assistance and enable assisted voluntary return of migrants stranded, reintegration support for Chadian migrants returning home, reinforcing the capacity of local actors to assist and protect migrants and sensitizing communities on the dangers and risks linked to irregular migration. For more information on the EU-IOM Joint Initiative, please visit www.migrationjointinitiative.org.
- Promoting the Engagement of the Chadian Diaspora to Support the Development of Chad (The IOM Development Fund)
The project, in line with the National Development Plan, supports the Government of Chad to mobilize and involve members of the Chadian diaspora to contribute to the country’s development efforts. The project includes a mapping exercise of diaspora associations in France and Niger, capacity building of an inter-ministerial committee for migration and development and workshops focused on methods and opportunities to engage the diaspora to support the development of Chad.
- Providing Refugee Resettlement Assistance to Government of France (France Ministry of Interior. French Office for Protection of Refugees and Stateless Persons Resettlement)
The project supports the Government of France’s program to provide protection and durable solutions for vulnerable refugees through resettlement. IOM works to coordinate and implement pre-departure and post-arrival activities including case processing, health assessments, movement operations and relevant assistance to ensure the safe, dignified and organized arrival to France.
- Support to Refugees during the Overseas Application Process for Resettlement to Canada and Prior to Departure (Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship, Canada)
The project provides essential pre-departure processing services for refugees who have been selected for resettlement to Canada.
- Assisted Passage for Australian Government Funded Refugees and Special Humanitarian Program Entrants (The Commonwealth of Australia, Department of Home Affairs)
The program provides services for refugees who have been selected for resettlement to Australia.
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